|Fascia stretches are used to address tightness and adhesions within fascia. The increasing interest in fascia and fascia stretches is reflected in the literature and use in massage and rehabilitation settings. Fascia has been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of various conditions such as hernias, postural problems, low back pain, problems with muscle coordination and proprioception. The purpose of fascia is of structural support. It connects and holds things together and it has the property of being able to adapt to stress. Physical therapy and exercises can therefore influence its structure and viscosity. |
What is Fascia?
Why do we stretch fascia?
Movement occurs in many planes.
Viscoelasticity of fascia.
Superficial fascia is subcutaneous mainly made up of loose areolar tissue and fat cells. It also surrounds organs and neurovascular bundles.
Deep fascia surrounds muscles and subdivides muscles in compartments. This is a more dense connective tissue found in the muscles as epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium, but also surrounds bones, neurovascular bundles and joints.
Amongst the layers of collagen fibres there are ruffini and pacini corpuscles that play a role in proprioceptive feedback. We use fascia to determine limb position and aid in balance.
Fascia that surrounds the muscles can be more specifically called myofascia. The fascia that surrounds the muscles is connected throughout the body as a network, so stretching just one muscle is virtually impossible.
In some cases of trauma, post operative healing, or overuse injuries the ability of these collagen fibres to glide over one another can be affected. Adhesions among the layers of fascia can inhibit movement of structures on one another causing pain and loss of mobility.
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